CafÃ©–au–lait spots are smooth, often irregular, brown spots on the skin. Even though the spots are harmless themselves, they are usually the earliest sign for neurofibromatosis. The color of the lesions (light brown to dark brown) is the reason of its name, which mean â€œcoffee with milkâ€ in French.
CafÃ© au lait spots, or cafÃ© au lait macules, are flat, pigmented birthmarks. The name cafÃ© au lait. The size and shape of the spots do not have any meaning or implications with regards to diagnosis of associated syndromes.
CafÃ©–au–lait spots are a classic feature of this disease. These flat birthmarks with distinct edges are a bit darker than the surrounding skin. In light-skinned .
Patients presenting with multiple cafe–au–lait macules (> 5) should have a thorough skin examination looking for other stigmata of NF1, including skin fold .
Its major features are skin spots called cafe–au–lait spots and neurofibromas. It can affect nerves throughout the body, including in the brain and spinal cord.